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Chinese language
For languages spoken in China, see Languages of China Unless otherwise specified, Chinese texts in this article are written in format. In cases where Simplified and Traditional Chinese scripts are identical, the Chinese term is written once.
Chinese languageChinese languageIsolating languagesSinology

Mandarin Chinese
In Chinese linguistics, Mandarin refers to a group of related varieties or dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. Because most Mandarin dialects are found in the north, the group is also referred to, particularly among Chinese speakers, as the "northern dialect(s)". A northeastern-dialect speaker and a southwestern-dialect speaker can hardly communicate except through the standard language, mainly because of the differences in tone.
Mandarin ChineseMandarin ChineseLanguages of Hong KongChinese languages in SingaporeLanguages of ChinaLanguages of TaiwanLanguages of MacauLanguages of RussiaSubject–verb–object languages

Orange (fruit)
An orange—specifically, the sweet orange—is the citrus Citrus × ​sinensis (Citrus sinensis Osbeck) and its fruit. It is the most commonly grown tree fruit in the world. The orange is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata). It is an evergreen flowering tree generally growing to 9–10 m in height (although very old specimens have reached 15 m).
Orange (fruit)OrangesTropical agricultureSymbols of FloridaCitrus hybridsSymbols of CaliforniaUnited States state plants

List of coalition military operations of the Iraq War
This is a list of known Coalition military operations of the Iraq War. As of July 2007, there were over 500 known named operations attributed to the ongoing conflict in Iraq. This is not a complete list, but it continues to grow as more operations occur or are identified. Operations are initially listed alphabetically. These tables have a sort function built into them allowing the reader to sort by any column in ascending or descending order.
List of coalition military operations of the Iraq WarMilitary operations of the Iraq War involving the United StatesMilitary operations of the Iraq War involving IraqOccupation of IraqMilitary operations of the Iraq WarLists of battles

Mandopop is a colloquial abbreviation for "Mandarin popular music. " It is categorized as a subgenre of commercial Chinese-language music within C-pop. Mandopop was the first variety of popular music in Chinese to establish itself as a viable industry. As the name implies, Mandopop features songs performed mainly in Mandarin Chinese. Among the countries where the subgenre is most popular are China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan.
MandopopC-popPop music genresFusion music genresMandopop

MediaCorp Channel 8
MediaCorp Channel 8 is a 24-hour free-to-air Singapore Mandarin general news and entertainment television channel in Singapore. It is one of the two Singapore Mandarin over-the-air television channel in Singapore the other being MediaCorp Channel U was formerly known as SPH MediaWorks Channel U.
MediaCorp Channel 8Chinese-language televisionTelevision channels and stations established in 1963MediaCorpTelevision stations in Singapore

In modern clothing and fashion design, a button is a small fastener, most commonly made of plastic, but also frequently of seashell, which secures two pieces of fabric together. In archaeology, a button can be a significant artifact. In the applied arts and in craft, a button can be an example of folk art, studio craft, or even a miniature work of art. Buttons are most often attached to articles of clothing but can also be used on containers such as wallets and bags.
ButtonParts of clothingHistory of clothingFashion accessoriesSilver objectsSewingInventions of the Indus Valley CivilizationTextile closuresTextile artsJewellery

Varieties of Chinese
Chinese comprises many regional language varieties sometimes grouped together as the Chinese dialects, the primary ones being Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, and Min. These are not mutually intelligible, and even many of the regional varieties are themselves composed of a number of non-mutually-intelligible subvarieties. As a result, Western linguists typically refer to these varieties as separate languages.
Varieties of ChineseChinese dialects

Mandarin (bureaucrat)
A mandarin was a bureaucrat in imperial China, and also in the monarchist days of Vietnam where the system of Imperial examinations and scholar-bureaucrats was adopted under Chinese influence.
Mandarin (bureaucrat)Government of Imperial ChinaHistory of Imperial ChinaPublic administration

Zhuyin fuhao, often abbreviated as zhuyin and colloquially called bopomofo, is a phonetic system for transcribing Chinese, especially Mandarin. It was introduced in the 1910s. Consisting of 37 characters and four tone marks, it transcribes all possible sounds in Mandarin. Although phased out in Mainland China in the 1950s, this system is still widely used as an educational tool and Chinese computer input method in Taiwan.
BopomofoMandarin words and phrasesHan character inputTranscription of ChineseWriting systemsAuxiliary and educational artificial scriptsRuby charactersChinese scripts

Written vernacular Chinese
Vernacular Chinese redirects here. For vernacular spoken Chinese, see varieties of Chinese. Title=Written vernacular Chinese;ns=0/Main/;language:wiki=en,locale=en Traditional Chinese 白話 Simplified Chinese 白话 Hanyu Pinyin báihuà Literal meaning "plain speech" Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin báihuà - Wade–Giles paihua Min - Hokkien POJ pe̍h-uē Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping baak waa 40x40px This article contains Chinese text.
Written vernacular ChineseChinese language

Mandarin orange
The Mandarin orange, also known as the mandarin or mandarine (both lower-case), is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling other oranges. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Specifically reddish-orange mandarin cultivars can be marketed as tangerines, but this is not a botanical classification. The tree is more drought-tolerant than the fruit. The mandarin is tender, and is damaged easily by cold. It can be grown in tropical and subtropical areas.
Mandarin orangeCitrusFruits originating in Asia

C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese popular music, a loosely defined musical genre by artists originating from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. Others come from countries where the Chinese language is used by a large number of the population, such as Singapore and Malaysia.

Romanization of Chinese
The romanization of Mandarin Chinese or Mandarin romanisation is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese. Because Chinese is a tonal language with a logographic script, its characters do not represent phonemes directly. There have been many systems of romanization throughout history. Linguist Daniel Kane recalls, "It used to be said that sinologists had to be like musicians, who might compose in one key and readily transcribe into other keys.
Romanization of ChineseChinese romanization

Citrus unshiu
Citrus unshiu is a seedless and easy-peeling citrus species, also known as cold hardy mandarin, satsuma mandarin, satsuma orange, Christmas orange, and tangerine. It is probably of Japanese origin and introduced elsewhere. In Japan, it is known as mikan or formally unshu mikan. In China, it is known as Wenzhou migan. The Japanese name is a result of the local reading of the same characters used in the Chinese.
Citrus unshiuJapanese fruitCitrusFruits originating in AsiaMedicinal plants

Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group
Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group (MOHG), a member of the Jardine Matheson Group, is an international hotel investment and management group with luxury hotels, resorts and residences in Asia, Europe and the Americas. The group has received awards for its service and management, as well as for the spas and restaurants located at many of their hotels and resorts.
Mandarin Oriental Hotel GroupHotel and leisure companies of BermudaHospitality companiesFormer Hang Seng Index Constituent StocksHotel chainsMandarin Oriental Hotel GroupMultinational companies headquartered in Hong KongHongkong LandHospitality management

Gwoyeu Romatzyh
Gwoyeu Romatzyh, abbreviated GR, is a system for writing Mandarin Chinese in the Latin alphabet. The system was conceived by Y.R. Chao (Zhao Yuanren) and developed by a group of linguists including Chao and Lin Yutang from 1925 to 1926. Chao himself later published influential works in linguistics using GR. In addition a small number of other textbooks and dictionaries in GR were published in Hong Kong and overseas from 1942 to 2000.
Gwoyeu RomatzyhChinese romanizationChinese dictionaries

Beijing cuisine
Beijing cuisine is a cooking style in Beijing, China. It is also known as Mandarin cuisine.
Beijing cuisineRegional cuisines of ChinaBeijing cuisine

Mandarin Duck
The Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), or just Mandarin, is a medium-sized perching duck, closely related to the North American Wood Duck. It is 41–49 cm long with a 65–75 cm wingspan.
Mandarin DuckBirds of PakistanBirds of JapanBirds of EuropeNon-native fauna of the British IslesBirds of IcelandAix (genus)Birds of ChinaAnimals described in 1758Ducks

Sichuanese Mandarin
Sichuanese Mandarin, commonly known as Sichuanese, Szechuanese or Szechwanese, is a branch of Southwestern Mandarin, spoken mainly in Sichuan and Chongqing, which was part of Sichuan until 1997, and the adjacent regions of their neighboring provinces, such as Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hunan and Shaanxi. In addition, because Sichuanese is the lingua franca in Sichuan, Chongqing and part of Tibet, it is also used by many Tibetan, Yi, Qiang and other groups as a second language.
Sichuanese MandarinChongqingSichuan

Europress was a British magazine and software publisher based in Adlington, near Macclesfield, Cheshire. Their magazine publishing business was previously known as Database Publications.
EuropressMedia companies of the United Kingdom

Singaporean Mandarin
Singaporean Mandarin is a variety of Mandarin Chinese widely spoken in Singapore. It is one of the four official languages of Singapore along with English, Malay and Tamil. Singapore Mandarin can be classified into two distinct Mandarin dialects, Standard Singaporean Mandarin and Colloquial Singaporean Mandarin. These two dialects are easily distinguishable to a person proficient in Mandarin.
Singaporean MandarinMandarin ChineseLanguages of SingaporeChinese languages in Singapore

A clementine is a variety of mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), so named in 1902. The exterior is a deep orange colour with a smooth, glossy appearance. Clementines can be separated into seven to fourteen segments. They tend to be very easy to peel, like a tangerine, but are almost always seedless. For this reason they are sometimes known as seedless tangerines; the clementine is also occasionally referred to as the Algerian tangerine.
ClementineCitrusAgriculture in CaliforniaCitrus hybrids

Southwestern Mandarin
Southwestern Mandarin, also known as Upper Yangtze Mandarin, is a primary branch of Mandarin Chinese spoken by Han Chinese people throughout many regions of central and southwestern China, such as Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Guizhou, most parts of Hubei, the western part of Hunan, the northern part of Guangxi, and some southern parts of Shaanxi and Gansu. Varieties of Southwestern Mandarin are spoken by roughly 200 million people.
Southwestern MandarinMandarin ChineseSichuanese

Fairchild TV
Fairchild TV or FTV is a Canadian Cantonese language Category A specialty channel. It is co-owned by majority owner Fairchild Media Group (a subsidiary of the Fairchild Group) and Television Broadcasts Limited which owns 20% of the business. Fairchild TV has studios in the Greater Toronto Area and Greater Vancouver.
Fairchild TVChinese-language televisionMedia in York RegionRichmond Hill, OntarioTelevision stations in VancouverMulticultural and ethnic television in CanadaCompanies based in Richmond, British ColumbiaChinese media in CanadaTelevision stations in TorontoCanadian analog cable television networksTelevision channels and stations established in 1997



Hanyu pinyin

Hanyu pinyin

Speak Mandarin Campaign
The Speak Mandarin Campaign is an initiative by the government of Singapore to encourage the Singaporean Chinese population to speak Mandarin, one of the four official languages of Singapore. Launched on 7 September 1979 by then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and organised by the Promote Mandarin Council, the SMC has been an annual event promoting the use of Mandarin.
Speak Mandarin CampaignSingapore government policiesChinese languages in SingaporeLanguage policy

Chinese export porcelain
Chinese export porcelain concerns a wide range of porcelain that was made and decorated in China exclusively for export to Europe and later to North America between the 16th and the 20th century.
Chinese export porcelainEconomic history of ChinaChinese porcelain

Lower Yangtze Mandarin
Lower Yangtze or Xiajiang Mandarin. also called Jianghuai Mandarin after the Yangtze (Jiang) and Huai Rivers, is one of the most divergent of the Mandarin dialects, as it neighbors the Wu, Hui, and Gan Chinese languages.
Lower Yangtze MandarinMandarin Chinese

Duval County Public Schools
Duval County Public Schools (DCPS) is the public school district for Duval County, Jacksonville, Florida. As of 2011, the district had an enrollment of over 125,000 students, making it the 15th largest school district in the United States, and the 6th largest school district in Florida. In 2010, it was home to two of the top ten high schools in the United States, Stanton College Preparatory School and Paxon School for Advanced Studies.
Duval County Public SchoolsGovernment of Jacksonville, FloridaDuval County Public SchoolsEducation in Jacksonville, Florida

Northeastern Mandarin
Northeastern Mandarin is the dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in what historically was Manchuria. It is very similar to the Beijing dialect upon which Standard Chinese (Pǔtōnghuà) is based.
Northeastern MandarinMandarin Chinese

Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go!
Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go!, commonly known by its initialism, SRMTHFG, is an American/Japanese anime television series, and was created by Ciro Nieli, one of the directors of Teen Titans, with animation being done by a Japanese studio known as The Answer Studio .
Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go!Family (TV channel) shows2007 American television series endingsAmerican animated television seriesAnime-influenced animationSuper Robots2004 American television series debutsDisney Channel shows2000s American television seriesTelevision series by DisneySuperhero television programsJetix

Mandarin (Jacksonville)
Mandarin is a neighborhood located in the southern most portion of Jacksonville, in Duval County, Florida, United States. It is located on the eastern banks of the St. Johns River, across from Orange Park. Mandarin was named after the Mandarin orange in 1830 by Calvin Reed, a prominent resident of the area .
Mandarin (Jacksonville)United States places with Orthodox Jewish communitiesHistory of Jacksonville, FloridaNeighborhoods in Jacksonville, Florida

Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong
Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong is a five-star hotel, located on Connaught Road in Central, Hong Kong, owned and managed by Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group. The hotel opened its doors in 1963 as “The Mandarin”, and quickly drew recognition for its service and elegance. In 1967, after four years of operation, The Mandarin was listed by Fortune magazine alongside the Ritz in Paris, the Grand in Rome and the Connaught in London as one of the eleven great hotels in the world.
Mandarin Oriental, Hong KongCentral, Hong KongHotels in Hong KongMandarin Oriental Hotel GroupHotels established in 1963Michelin Guide starred restaurantsBuildings and structures completed in 1963Landmarks in Hong Kong

Chinese grammar
This article describes the grammar of Standard Chinese. For the grammars of other forms of Chinese, see their respective articles via links on Chinese language and varieties of Chinese. 50x40px This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. This article contains Ruby annotation.
Chinese grammarChinese grammar



The Miraculous Mandarin
The Miraculous Mandarin or The Wonderful Mandarin (Hungarian: A csodálatos mandarin; German: Der Wunderbare Mandarin) Op. 19, Sz. 73 (BB 82), is a one act pantomime ballet composed by Béla Bartók between 1918–1924, and based on the story by Melchior Lengyel. Premiered November 27, 1926 in Cologne, Germany, it caused a scandal and was subsequently banned.
The Miraculous Mandarin1926 ballet premieresSuitesMusic for orchestra and organCompositions by Béla BartókBallets by Béla Bartók

National Languages Committee
The National Languages Committee was established by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China, commonly known as "Taiwan", with the purpose of standardizing and popularizing the usage of Mandarin in the Republic of China. The Committee was known in English as the Mandarin Promotion Council or the National Languages Promotion Committee until 2003, but the Chinese name has not changed.
National Languages CommitteeStandard ChineseExecutive YuanEducation in the Republic of ChinaLanguage regulators

Mandarin square
A Mandarin square, also known as a rank badge, was a large embroidered badge sewn onto the surcoat of an official in Imperial China. It was embroidered with detailed, colourful animal or bird insignia indicating the rank of the official wearing it.
Mandarin squareInsigniaOrders, decorations, and medals of the Empire of ChinaChinese clothingHistory of Imperial China

The kinnow is a variety of citrus fruit cultivated extensively in India and Pakistani Punjab Province. It is a hybrid of two citrus cultivars — "King" x "Willow Leaf" (Citrus deliciosa) — first developed by H. B. Frost at the Citrus Research Centre of the University of California, Riverside, USA. After evaluation, the kinnow was released as a new variety for commercial cultivation in 1935.
KinnowCitrusCitrus hybrids

Central Plains Mandarin
Central Plains or Zhongyuan Mandarin is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central part of Shaanxi, Henan, and southern part of Shandong. The archaic dialect of Peking opera is a form of Zhongyuan Mandarin. Among Chinese Muslims, it is sometimes written in the Arabic alphabet.
Central Plains MandarinMandarin Chinese

Mandarin collar
A mandarin collar is a short unfolded stand-up collar style on a shirt or jacket. Mandarin collars start at the neckline and typically rise vertically two to five centimeters. The style originated from Western interpretation of dresses worn by Mandarins in Imperial China. The length along a mandarin collar is straight, with either straight or rounded edges at top of the centre front. The edges of the collar either barely meet at the centre front or overlap slightly.
Mandarin collarChinese clothingHistory of fashionNecklines

Cyrillization of Chinese
The Cyrillization of Chinese is effected using the Palladius system for transcribing Chinese characters into the Cyrillic alphabet. It was created by Pyotr Ivanovich Kafarov (Пётр Ива́нович Кафа́ров), a Russian sinologist and monk who spent 30 years in China and was also known by his monastic name Palladius (Палладий). It is the Russian official standard for transcribing Chinese into Russian.
Cyrillization of ChineseTranscription of ChineseCyrillization

Frog (fastening)
A frog (sometimes referred to as a Chinese frog) is an ornamental braiding for fastening the front of a garment that consists of a button and a loop through which it passes. The usual purpose of frogs is to provide a closure for a garment while decorating it at the same time. These frogs are usually used on garments that appear oriental in design. Tops with a mandarin collar often use frogs at the shoulder and down the front to keep the two sections of the front closed.
Frog (fastening)Textile closuresChinese clothing

Colloquial Singaporean Mandarin, also known as Singdarin is an interlanguage native to Singapore. In Taiwan, this language variety is known as Singnese. It is based on Mandarin but has a large amount of English in its vocabulary. For this reason, Singdarin is sometimes known as "Anglo-Chinese". There were also words from Malay and other Chinese languages. Singdarin is the first language of quite a number of younger Singaporeans, especially those whose parents speak different languages at home.
SingdarinLanguages of SingaporeChinese languages in SingaporeMixed languages

Misua (also spelled mee sua or miswa) is a very thin variety of salted Chinese noodles made from wheat flour. It is originated from Fujian, China. They differ from mifen (rice vermicelli) and cellophane noodles in that the latter two are made from rice and mung beans, respectively, and typically a lot thinner than those two varieties.
MisuaTaiwanese cuisineFujian cuisinePhilippine cuisineChinese noodles

The Mandarinfish or Mandarin dragonet (Synchiropus splendidus), is a small, brightly-colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwater aquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia.
MandarinfishAnimals described in 1927Fish of MalaysiaFish of AustraliaFish of JapanFish of TaiwanFish of East AsiaFish of New GuineaSynchiropusFish of OceaniaFish of the Pacific Ocean

Maclura tricuspidata
Maclura tricuspidata is a tree native to East Asia, occasionally grown for its fruit, somewhat similar to that of the related mulberry (Morus spp.). It is also known by common names including cudrang, mandarin melon berry, silkworm thorn, zhe or che, and Chinese mulberry (but not to be confused with Morus australis also known by that name). It grows up to 6 m high. The Tanzhe Temple west of Beijing, China is named for this tree.
Maclura tricuspidataMaclura

MTV Mandarin
MTV Mandarin is a 24 hour music channel combined mandarin and international music programs owned by MTV Networks Asia Pacific. One of the first three MTV Asia channels along with MTV Southeast Asia and MTV India. MTV Mandarin has two different feed. The Channel is now available in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.
MTV MandarinChinese television networksTelevision stations in TaiwanTelevision channels and stations established in 1995Television in ChinaMTV NetworksHong Kong televisionCompanies based in Taipei